Tag Archive for 'ngrep'

SIP debugging: catch only certain types of messages

Let’s say you need to catch INVITEs only. In this case do:
ngrep -q -W byline -d eth0 INVITE\ sip

‘-W byline’ means to print each SIP packet in readable text mode, line by line
‘-q’ means to be quiet, not to print packet reception hash marks. Without this option your screen will fill up with ###### signs between captured types of packets.
‘-d eth0’ it’s clear
‘INVITE\ sip’ means show INVITEs only. Be careful: if you type ‘INVITE’ word only, you’ll catch nearly every SIP packet, as not only INVITE requests contain the word ‘INVITE’. For example a reply for OPTION request also contains this word among allowed mwthods described in the ‘Allow:’ header field.

And each INVITE request has a request-line like
INVITE sip:123@dmn.co...
I mean starting with ‘INVITE’ word, following space and following ‘sip’ word.

ngrep: SIP traffic analyze

tcpdump is a nice tool, but some filters seem to be too complicated for usage.

It’s quite simple to look at SIP traffic between our server and remote server with tcpdump:

tcpdump -pni eth0 udp and port 5060 and host 1.2.3.4

… or a little bit more verbose:

tcpdump -pni eth0 -v udp and port 5060 and host 1.2.3.4

… or even:

tcpdump -pni eth0 -v -As0 udp and port 5060 and host 1.2.3.4

But how to capture only INVITE messages?
This is the case to use ngrep:

root@voip-ge:~# ngrep -W byline "INVITE sip" port 5060 and host zz.nn.159.114
interface: eth0 (10.219.3.0/255.255.255.0)
filter: (ip or ip6) and ( port 5060 and host zz.nn.159.114 )
match: INVITE sip
#
U xx.yy.94.130:5060 -> zz.nn.159.114:5060
INVITE sip:412753@zz.nn.159.114 SIP/2.0.
v: SIP/2.0/UDP xx.yy.94.130:5060;branch=z9hG4bK51d42193.
Max-Forwards: 70.
f: "SomeCallerID" sip:0606@xx.yy.94.130;tag=as07e569d2.
t: sip:412753@zz.nn.159.114.
m: sip:0606@xx.yy.94.130:5060.
i: 795031de44fe066e3751fdc6218368e7@xx.yy.94.130:5060.
CSeq: 102 INVITE.
User-Agent: Cisco-SIPGateway/IOS-12.x.
Date: Tue, 01 Mar 2016 07:05:13 GMT.
Allow: INVITE, ACK, CANCEL, OPTIONS, BYE, REFER, SUBSCRIBE, NOTIFY, INFO, PUBLISH, MESSAGE.
k: replaces.
c: application/sdp.
l: 299.
.
v=0.
o=CiscoSystemsSIP-GW-UserAgent 886157825 886157825 IN IP4 xx.yy.94.130.
s=SIP Call.
c=IN IP4 xx.yy.94.130.
t=0 0.
m=audio 19504 RTP/AVP 8 0 101.
a=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000.
a=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000.
a=rtpmap:101 telephone-event/8000.
a=fmtp:101 0-16.
a=silenceSupp:off - - - -.
a=ptime:20.
a=sendrecv.